Legislative process commences with the decision of the cabinet to enact a law on a subject. The next stage is that the law department drafts the bill. The bill after it is approved by the cabinet is sent to the secretariat of the Legislative Assembly which through the minister concerned gets its introduced in the Assembly. The bill may be introduced either in the lower house or in the upper house. Before the bill is introduced, the speaker of the house gets the approval of the governor for its introduction. Before the bill is actually introduced in the house, it is circulated to all the legislators. The minister while introduction the bill in the house may make a brief speech when the house discusses on its admissibility. This is called the first reading of the bill. Thereafter, it is introduced for a second time during which the minister refers to each of the clauses of the bill. At this stage, the legislators may discuss the bill in detail. Any amendments, if suggested will also be discussed. If the government accepts the amendments the same are incorporated in the bill. This stage is called the 2nd reading of the bill. Then follows the third reading which is called voting stage. All the amendments one after the other are put to vote and such of the amendments which are accepted by the house are incorporated in the bill. Then the house votes the whole bill in which are incorporated such of the amendments as are accepted by the house. If the house rejects the bill there ends the matter and the bill is treated as dead. If the bill is approved the speaker will declare the bill as unanimously voted. If there is division the votes comprising of so many (YES) and so many (NOs) will be noted. The official records which are published later gives the name of all those who voted for or against the bill. The speaker after declaring the bill, as passed, appends to the bill a certificate on the result of voting and forwards the same to the governor for his signature.
After the governor affixes his signature the bill becomes law and is given a number. Therefore, all the Acts contain a number with the year such as Act No. 29 of 2007. It means that the serial number of the Act is 29 and it is passed in the year 2007. If the governor for any reason returns the bill he can do so only giving the reasons and his suggestions. After the bill is returned with recommendations of the Governor, the legislature must reconsider the bill in the light of the Governor’s recommendation. It is open to the house to accept or reject Governor’s suggestion. If the bill is passed again in the same manner as it was passed earlier and re-submitted to the governor for the second time for his assent, the governor has no choice but to sign his assent. The Act after receiving the governor’s assent is then published in the official gazette. If the Act in its term provide that it shall come into effect immediately it means that it comes into effect on the date of its publication. If the Act by its terms says that it shall come into effect on a date specified, it shall come into force on the date so specified. If the Act by its terms states that it shall come into force on such date as the government may fix, it comes into force on the date so fixed by the government and notified in the gazette. Some enactments provide that certain sections will come into force only in the first instance and the rest of the Act at a later stage. The Act is implemented in the same manner. Some enactments also provide that the Act applies in the first instance to some places only. Its applicability may be extended later to other localities.
Where the legislature consists of two houses if the bill is introduced in the upper house and rejected and the lower house passes the bill, the bill shall be deemed to have been approved by the legislature. If the lower house passes the bill in the first instance and the upper house rejects it or amends any of its provision, the lower house once again considers the bill and the result of such reconsideration shall be treated as final.