Freedom of the Press forms part of freedom of speech. The Press has and shall have free access to all places where news generates. The Press can interview the prisoners. The Press is also entitled to report proceedings of the Court subject to the Court direction as regards the matters which shall not be published. Where Court holds incamera proceedings, the Press is not entitled to report the happenings within the proceedings held incamera. If any witness objects that his evidence shall not be published in the Press and the Court allows it, the Press is not entitled to publish the contents of the deposition of the witness. In marital matters under consideration by the Court, the Press may be restrained from publishing the matters which are exclusively personal and secretive of the parties. The Press shall not attempt to publish any matter which amounts to character assassination of the parties or the witnesses. The Press shall not disclose the identity of the persons suffering any serious diseases. For everything published in the Press which is defamatory the correspondent reporting about it, the editor incharge of it and the publisher are all liable to be proceeded against. In recent times the newspapers are announcing that a named person of the editorial staff will only hold himself liable to anything appearing in the Press. It is the privilege of the Press to publish anything which it deems fit for publication as news. So long as the Press is bona fide and not partisan the privileges of the Press are protected. However it may be noted that the persons offering themselves to public attention cannot claim that whatever published which appears to be adverse to them amounts to defamation.
[See also Freedom of Speech & Censorship] [Ref.: K.M. Mathew v. K.A. Abraham & Ors., AIR 2002 SC 2989; Delhi Admn. (Now NCT of Delhi) v. Manoharlal, AIR 2002 SC 3088; State through Superintendent, Central Jail, New Delhi v. Charulatha Joshi & Anr., AIR 1999 SC 1379.]