There are in law certain similar expressions. Accident is one of them. Act of God is another. Force majeure is a wider term. It includes both of them and an addition covers situations forced on individual. This expression has relevance only in cases where an individual seeks to avoid the obligation cast on him by law or by any agreement. While Act of God is attributable to changes in whether conditions or geological disturbances, and accident is attributable to unintended human errors, force majeure contemplates actions of the Government and the activities of other parties such as strikes and other disturbances. The purpose in applying the force majeure clause is to protect the defaulting party from the consequences of anything over which he had no control. Force majeure clause if it is excluded from the contract, the contracting parties shall be bound by the terms of the contract and shall pay or receive damages for its breach occurring on any ground whatsoever.
[Ref.: Dhanraj Mal Govindram v. Shamji Kalidas & Co., AIR 1961 SC 1285; Mohd. Serajuddin v. State of Orissa, AIR 1969 Ori. 152.]