In absolute privilege the person making the statement is absolutely protected against defamation. Such privilege exists in case of statements made in Parliament and State Legislatures by the Members. Even the statements made are false, still the member making the statement is protected against any action so long as they are made within the Parliament or State legislature. In qualified privilege the person making the statement is exempted provided there is no malice in making the statement. Official Privilege is allowed in cases where the person making the statement makes the statement is discharge of his duties and obligations. If an employer when asked by another employer about the conduct of the employee and the statement made by the former employer is protected provided it is made without malice. Communications made in confidential relationships are also protected if they are so made without any malice. Reports of Parliamentary proceedings, proceedings before judicial bodies or committees of enquiry are subject to qualified privilege. Privilege employed by Press is also qualified privilege.
[Ref.: Jatish Chandra Ghosh v. Hari Sodhan, AIR 1961 SC 613; Surendra Nath v. Bhageshwari, AIR 1961 Pat. 164.]